Mark C. Ode

Fire/Life Safety Columnist and Code Contributor

Mark C. Ode is a staff engineering associate at Underwriters Laboratories Inc., based in Peoria, Ariz. He can be reached at 919.949.2576 and mark.c.ode@us.ul.com.

Articles by Mark C. Ode

April 2014
Available fault current, short-circuit current rating, arc energy, arc flash hazards, and incident energy are closely related in both the National Electrical Code (NEC) and NFPA 70E, Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace. However, enforcement of the NEC and NFPA 70E are handled very differently. 
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March 2014
For many years, Article 250, which covers grounding and bonding in the National Electrical Code (NEC), only contained two tables. Table 250.122 was used for sizing the equipment grounding conductors, based on the size of the overcurrent protective device in the circuit. READ MORE
February 2014
This article returns to the topic of my December 2013 column, which dealt with some of the changes that occurred to 210.12 for arc-fault circuit interrupters (AFCI) in the 2014 National Electrical Code (NEC), such as the expansion of AFCI devices to include circuits for kitchens and laundry equipment.
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January 2014
I made a comment while teaching a class that nonmetallic (NM) cable was not permitted in an outdoor, wet location. An attendee took exception to that statement and asked me to provide National Electrical Code (NEC) justification for the assertion. Initially, the answer seemed very easy to justify, but there were extenuating circumstances that were more difficult to address. READ MORE
December 2013
Installation requirements for arc-fault circuit interrupters (AFCI) in 210.12 of National Electrical Code (NEC) have been modified considerably in the past three NEC cycles and have changed dramatically in the 2014 NEC. To understand the ramifications of these changes, the best method is to provide the actual text from the 2014 NEC and then follow this text with an explanation. 
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November 2013
The 2014 National Electrical Code (NEC) process received more proposals—including a total of 45 generated by the NEC Correlating Committee Task Group on direct current (DC)—and comments to insert DC into the Code than any other NEC cycle in history. READ MORE
October 2013
A friend of mine recently called with a question about the cover depth requirement for an underground 120-volt (V) lighting circuit installation in rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC) conduit supplying a wet-niche luminaire in a swimming pool. Initially, the answer seemed relatively straightforward with a quick reference to 680.10 of the 2011 National Electrical Code (NEC). READ MORE
September 2013
“Motor contribution” is only used in 240.86(C) in the National Electrical Code (NEC), but the NEC does not define it anywhere. A full explanation of this important electrical application is located in other publications, such as fuse and circuit-breaker protection books and articles. READ MORE
August 2013
As we enter the fall, crops are ready for harvest, the leaves on trees are turning color, the evenings have a slight chill, baseball season is nearing an end, football season is just getting started, and we have a new 2014 National Electrical Code (NEC). While summer ends every year, the NEC is issued only every third year, always in August. READ MORE

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