Integrated electrical and low-voltage systems of all types—inside and outside a building—encompass the range of work that electrical contractors do. The articles in this section highlight different types of work, from security, fire and life safety, to traditional electrical power and distribution, to lighting, cabling and more. 

As projects become more complex, electrical contractors need high-tech management methods to ensure more efficient results. Here are just a few examples to help you get headed in the right direction. 5pm

The dark fiber providers that most people are familiar with are private companies that were started to offer fiber connectivity for a profit. Today, there is a major movement toward building fiber networks as a public-private partnership.

Phasor diagram and equivalent sinewave plots

When considering power quality disturbances or the quality of the electrical supply, phenomena such as rms variations (sags, swells and interruptions), harmonics, unbalance and flicker usually come to mind.

Data center infrastructure management (DCIM) software enables data center operators to manage assets and changes, plan capacity, and monitor power, environment and energy usage.

More on Systems

Refrigerator Branch Circuits, Machine Tool Wiring, Foreign Piping and More

CODE CITATIONS Article 110 Requirements for Electrical Installations Article 210 Branch Circuits Article 250 Grounding Article 310 Conductors for General Wiring Article 404 Switches Article 408 Switchboards and Panelboards Article 670 Industrial Machinery Branch circuit for refrigerator in dwelling

Maintenance Involves Constant Upgrades and Replacements

Voice/data/video (VDV) cable plant has become the central nervous system of the customer’s business. It is necessary for producing and delivering your customer’s products and services.

Wireless LANs: Mobility at Ethernet Speed

IEEE 802.11 provides platform for new applications When the concept of the wireless local area network (LAN) was introduced more than 20 years ago, numerous companies tried to implement its applications through the use of spread spectrum, infrared and narrowband microwave technologies based on twist

Control Cables in Cable Trays

Cable trays can be a very convenient method of transporting large numbers of signaling, communications and control cables, as well as other cables, from one location in a facility to another. If cable trays are to be used, however, some specific requirements must be followed.

Communication Systems Offer Routine Emergency Services

A hostage situation can occur almost anywhere, anytime. But communication systems alert a building’s occupants to evacuate or take other appropriate action.

Dealing with Obsolete Components

It may seem unbelievable, but fiber optic links and networks have been used for over 20 years. The first telco networks were installed in the late 1970s and data links were already in use by 1980, when there were few personal computers (PCs) and computer networks.

Fire Pumps and Alarm Systems, Circuits, Services, and More

CODE CITATIONS Article 100—Definitions Article 210—Branch Circuits Article 230—Services Article 695—Fire Pumps Article 725—Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3 Remote-Control, Signaling, and Power-Limited Circuits Article 760—Fire Alarm Systems Article 770—Optical Fiber Cables and Raceways Article 800—Comm