Systems

 

 

Integrated electrical and low-voltage systems of all types—inside and outside a building—encompass the range of work that electrical contractors do. The articles in this section highlight different types of work, from security, fire and life safety, to traditional electrical power and distribution, to lighting, cabling and more. 

Don’t blink! If you do, you may miss some of the rapidly developing changes occurring in the technology sector.


I’m sure all of you have run into an issue such as this when installing a fire alarm system: One authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) wants one thing, and another AHJ wants exactly the opposite. What do you do? You can’t make both happy.

Last month, we discussed how long-distance dark fiber is used to connect data centers. Everywhere you look, you read about new data centers being built by Google or Facebook or Amazon or some other one with a strange, unpronounceable name.

Building-system-automation implementation has paved the way for sensor technology to make buildings more efficient, healthier and more comfortable for occupants.

More on Systems

 
When Do You Need OTDRs?
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In outside plant fiber optic installations, every cable installed will be tested for end-to-end loss with a source and power meter and an OTDR trace will be taken of each fiber. Yet OTDRs—optical time domain reflectometers—are rarely used in premises applications. Why is that?

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Manufactured Wiring Systems, Receptacle Locations and More
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Article 210 Branch Circuits Article 215 Feeders Article 240 Overcurrent Protection Article 300 Wiring Methods Article 320 Armored Cable Article 352 Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit Article 404 Switches Article 604 Manufactured Wiring Systems Article 680 Swimming Pools, Fountains and Similar Installations A

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Retrofitting Fire Alarm Systems
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Anyone planning to retrofit anything electrical in a building faces a difficult task at best. Only a true craftsman can successfully install something as a retrofit that looks like the original installation had included it.

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The Importance of Systems Testing
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When electrical contractors talk about (or are asked about) testing, one is usually not referring to the stress-inducing kind associated with obtaining the latest certification in the industry.

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Conductors Connected in Parallel
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Parallel conductors are often installed where large ampacity feeders or services are used. Total understanding of the paralleling requirements permitted in the National Electrical Code is necessary before attempting to design a large electrical system or install these conductors.

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Fuel Cells--Power Source for the Future
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It has been three decades since fuel cell technology first emerged, but the clean and efficient power alternative is just now beginning to take off.

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Homeland Security: Contractors Vie for New Systems Installations
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Without a shadow of a doubt, the events of Sept. 11, 2001, changed the world. Our understanding of what it means to feel safe and secure were forever altered.

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