Codes & Standards


Essential to the work of the electrical contractor is knowledge of the National Electrical Code, the National Electrical Installation Standards and additional standards and codes administered by the National Fire Protection Association, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and others. Here is a list of all our articles on codes and standards listed chronologically by issue date. 

Jim Dollard has an extensive background in codes and standards. If you have a query about the National Electrical Code (NEC), Jim will help you solve it. Send questions to Answers are based on the 2017 NEC.
 Kitchen GFCIs

A friend recently sent me an email with this picture (right) of a manual fire alarm pull station mounted on the side of an electrical panelboard. My friend was inspecting the fire alarm system and was accompanied by the electrician who had installed both the fire alarm and electrical systems.

All of the chapters in the National Electrical Code (NEC) contain tables, but not all of the chapters contain articles. Chapter 9 does not contain any articles; this last chapter only contains tables. The first of two articles in Chapter 1 is Article 100, Definitions.

Reducing differences of potential between conductive equipment or other objects and ground (earth) helps minimize shock hazards in normal circuit operation.

More on Codes & Standards

Branch-Circuit, Feeder and Service Calculations, Part II

An essential part in the life of an electrician is performing load calculations. Determining what size conductors and overcurrent protective devices to install is something most electricians do on a daily basis.

Household Applications and the Code

Providing branch-circuit overcurrent protection and subdividing electrical resistance-heating elements in appliances and fixed electric space heating equipment has been a long- standing requirement in the National Electrical Code (NEC).

Mission Critical

A new article has been proposed for the 2008 National Electrical Code (NEC) covering mission-critical electrical systems installed in vital infrastructures or facilities where, if the infrastructure or facility was either destroyed or incapacitated, disruption of the facility would affect national

Assembly Occupancies, Overcurrent Protection and More

Electric service for grounding-electrode conductors Q: The electric utility in our area requires the installation of a ground rod and grounding-electrode conductor in the meter socket. Is it acceptable to ground the grounded-circuit conductor (neutral) in the service-disconnect enclosure?

Branch-Circuit, Feeder and Service Calculations

220.1 Scope Understanding how to perform load calculations is an important part of an electrician’s professional career. Before obtaining a permit, some jurisdictions require paperwork showing load calculations for services and feeders.

AC and MC Bushings, Outdoor Receptacles and More

AC and MC bushings Q: Sections 320.17 and 330.17 indicate that Types AC and MC cables must be installed in accordance with 300.4, which includes protection of the cables by listed bushings or listed grommets that cover all metal edges of metal studs.

Pull- and Junction-Box Calculations, Part VIII

314.28 Pull and Junction Boxes Requirements pertaining to the installation and use of all boxes and conduit bodies used as outlet, device, junction or pull boxes are in Article 314 of the National Electrical Code (NEC).