Codes & Standards


Essential to the work of the electrical contractor is knowledge of the National Electrical Code, the National Electrical Installation Standards and additional standards and codes administered by the National Fire Protection Association, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and others. Here is a list of all our articles on codes and standards listed chronologically by issue date. 

The National Electrical Code (NEC) uses the word “harmonic” exactly 11 times, all in combination with or explanation of neutral conductors. However, “harmonic” is not defined in the NEC.

Does the National Electrical Code (NEC) address conductor-withstand ratings for wire-type equipment grounding conductors (EGCs)? Yes, but it is worthy of a more detailed explanation.

Jim Dollard has an extensive background in codes and standards. If you have a query about the National Electrical Code (NEC), Jim will help you solve it. Questions can be sent to Answers are based on the 2014 NEC.
 Grounded conductor 
terminations, panelboards

Conductor identification requirements are located in articles throughout the National Electrical Code (NEC). The first such requirement is in Article 110, and it pertains to a specific type of electrical system.

More on Codes & Standards

The Ins and Outs of AFCI Protection

The arc-fault circuit-interrupter (AFCI) has been around for three National Electrical Code (NEC) cycles and, with the advent of the new 2005 NEC, will have been present in three editions, although with various changes within each edition.

Liability Risks in Healthcare Facilities

Contractors need to develop highly specialized knowledge Healthcare facilities present the potential for financial gain for properly qualified electrical contractors. These projects also present a downside of risk of increased liability due to the nature of the projects and potential damages.

A Question of Protection

In many conversations with electrical inspectors on the subject of arc-fault circuit-interrupters (AFCIs), I find them variously questioning, doubtful, confused, bewildered and puzzled concerning the application of 210.12.

Wall Space in Dwelling Units, Bonding Metal Water and More

CODE CITATIONS Article 110 Requirements for Electrical Installations Article 210 Branch Circuits Article 250 Grounding Article 310 Conductors for General Wiring Article 314 Outlet, Device, Pull and Junction Boxes; Conduit Bodies; Fittings; and Manholes Article 410 Luminaires (Lighting Fixtures), Lam

Extra Credit

Owners often contact contractors to install fire alarm systems in existing buildings. And, just as often, the Code does not require these installations. Rather, the building owner simply wants a fire alarm system installed for his or her own peace of mind.

Branch Circuits: Required Lighting Outlets, Part VIII

Article 210 specifies provisions for all branch circuits except for branch circuits supplying only motor loads. Article 430 contains motor load requirements. Branch circuits with combination loads (motor and non-motor) must be installed in accordance with Articles 210 and 430.

Standby Systems, Part II

This is the conclusion of a two-part article that began in the November issue. This part provides important information for listing and National Electrical Code requirements for installations of emergency, legally required standby and optional standby systems.