We are often left in the air about exact meanings of grounding problems. This article simplifies the differences between the grounded and grounding conductor. The two aspects of grounding are system grounding and equipment grounding. This article concerns the former.
Article 210 in the National Electrical Code (NEC) covers branch circuits, except when they supply only motor loads, which Article 430 covers. When sizing conductors for branch circuits, it is necessary to comply with the provisions in Article 210.