Codes & Standards


Essential to the work of the electrical contractor is knowledge of the National Electrical Code, the National Electrical Installation Standards and additional standards and codes administered by the National Fire Protection Association, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and others. Here is a list of all our articles on codes and standards listed chronologically by issue date. 

What does the National Electrical Code (NEC) require when installing isolated/insulated grounding-type receptacles and auxiliary grounding electrodes?

Most of Article 240 in the National Electrical Code (NEC) provides general requirements for overcurrent protection and overcurrent protective devices not more than 1,000 volts (V), nominal. As a general rule, the overcurrent device rating shall not exceed the ampacity of a conductor.

Jim Dollard has an extensive background in codes and standards. If you have a query about the National Electrical Code (NEC), Jim will help you solve it. Questions can be sent to Answers are based on the 2014 NEC.
 Small generators can’t handle the load

I recently was asked to review a series of emails from a colleague about equipment requirements for ready access or, as defined in Article 100 and used within text in the National Electrical Code (NEC), as “readily accessible.” This phrase is used to describe the location of circuit breakers, for ex

More on Codes & Standards

A Question of Protection

In many conversations with electrical inspectors on the subject of arc-fault circuit-interrupters (AFCIs), I find them variously questioning, doubtful, confused, bewildered and puzzled concerning the application of 210.12.

Wall Space in Dwelling Units, Bonding Metal Water and More

CODE CITATIONS Article 110 Requirements for Electrical Installations Article 210 Branch Circuits Article 250 Grounding Article 310 Conductors for General Wiring Article 314 Outlet, Device, Pull and Junction Boxes; Conduit Bodies; Fittings; and Manholes Article 410 Luminaires (Lighting Fixtures), Lam

Extra Credit

Owners often contact contractors to install fire alarm systems in existing buildings. And, just as often, the Code does not require these installations. Rather, the building owner simply wants a fire alarm system installed for his or her own peace of mind.

Branch Circuits: Required Lighting Outlets, Part VIII

Article 210 specifies provisions for all branch circuits except for branch circuits supplying only motor loads. Article 430 contains motor load requirements. Branch circuits with combination loads (motor and non-motor) must be installed in accordance with Articles 210 and 430.

Standby Systems, Part II

This is the conclusion of a two-part article that began in the November issue. This part provides important information for listing and National Electrical Code requirements for installations of emergency, legally required standby and optional standby systems.

Disconnect for Hot Tubs, GFCIs in Kitchens and Mor

CODE CITATIONS Article 210 Branch Circuits Article 250 Grounding Article 408 Switchboards and Panelboards Article 430 Motors, Motor Circuits and Controllers Article 680 Swimming Pools, Fountains and Similar Installations Volume One of the 2003 edition of the Fire Resistance Directory published by Un

Standby Systems, Part I

This is the first of two parts about installing emergency, legally required and/or optional standby systems. This first part will cover the basics of the three systems and the second part will cover requirements for transfer equipment.