Codes & Standards


Essential to the work of the electrical contractor is knowledge of the National Electrical Code, the National Electrical Installation Standards and additional standards and codes administered by the National Fire Protection Association, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and others. Here is a list of all our articles on codes and standards listed chronologically by issue date. 

Jim Dollard has an extensive background in codes and standards. If you have a query about the National Electrical Code (NEC), Jim will help you solve it. Questions can be sent to Answers are based on the 2014 NEC.
 Arc-resistant switchgear

For my December 2005 column in ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR, I wrote about the installation of parallel conductors in a metal wireway and the subsequent heating effects. These heating effects occur whether the parallel conductors are installed in a metal or nonmetallic wireway or in an auxiliary gutter.

Article 110 in the National Electrical Code (NEC) covers general requirements for the examination and approval, installation and use, access to and spaces about electrical conductors and equipment; enclosures intended for personnel entry; and tunnel installations [110.1].

Special rules for ground-fault protection of equipment (GFPE) apply to healthcare facilities. Section 517.17(A) indicates that these GFPE rules apply to hospitals and other buildings (including multiple occupancy buildings) with critical-care space or where life-support equipment is used.

More on Codes & Standards

Pull- and Junction-Box Calculations, Part IV

314.28 Pull and Junction Boxes The National Electrical Code covers outlet, device, pull and junction boxes; conduit bodies; fittings; and handhole enclosures in Article 314.

Emergency Protection ... Stat!

Providing mechanical protection for branch circuits supplying critical loads in a hospital is extremely important. Any potential damage to these circuits could cost lives.

Panelboards in Stairways, Color Coding and More

Control-circuit transformers Q: Do the requirements of Article 450—Transformers and Transformer Vaults or Article 725—Class 1, Class 2 and Class 3 Remote-Control, Signaling, and Power-Limited Circuits apply to a control-circuit transformers in a 480-volt combination motor starter?

Pull- and Junction-Box Calculations, Part III

314.28 Pull and Junction Boxes Requirements pertaining to the installation and use of all boxes and conduit bodies used as outlet, device, junction or pull boxes are in Article 314 of the National Electrical Code.

CSI MasterFormat 2004 Part II

Most electrical contractors are so busy making the payroll and payables each week, they don’t pay much attention to changes coming their way until they are hit in the wallet.

Pull- and Junction-Box Calculations, Part II

314.28 Pull and Junction Boxes The National Electrical Code (NEC) has specific requirements detailing how to calculate the maximum numbers of conductors in boxes (outlet, device, junction, pull, etc.) and conduit bodies.

Utility-Interactive PV Systems

A utility-interactive photovoltaic (PV) system is defined in Section 690.2 of the National Electrical Code (NEC) (NFPA 70-2005) as a “photovoltaic system that operates in parallel with and may deliver power to an electrical production and distribution network.” NEC Article 690 covers Solar Photovol