Codes & Standards


Essential to the work of the electrical contractor is knowledge of the National Electrical Code, the National Electrical Installation Standards and additional standards and codes administered by the National Fire Protection Association, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and others. Here is a list of all our articles on codes and standards listed chronologically by issue date. 

For years, Article 516 of the National Electrical Code (NEC)— covering spray applications, dipping and coating processes using flammable liquids, combustible liquids and combustible powders—did not seem to change much, if at all.

National Electrical Code (NEC) sections 90.5(A) and (B) explain how to recognize mandatory rules and permissive rules. In accordance with 90.5(A), mandatory rules identify actions that are specifically required or are specifically prohibited.

Life is full of surprises, and so is the 2018 edition of NFPA 70E. After years of requiring specific information on arc flash equipment labels, as listed in 130.5(H1) through (H3), the 2018 edition has introduced Exception No.

The North American Electrical Safety System is made up of four vital components, and they all must be applied together for the system to function successfully.

More on Codes & Standards

Avoid Costly Mistakes

The model building code treats campus dormitories as residential occupancies. However, a dorm does not function the same as a commercial apartment building. In some cases, the architect has created a physical design to accommodate as many students as possible.

Multiwire Branch Circuits

Are multiwire branch circuits becoming antiquated for most new installations, or are they still being used in most circuit applications?

General Installation Requirements, Part II

The National Electrical Code (NEC) is divided into an introduction and nine chapters with 10 informational annexes. As specified in 90.5(D), the informative annexes are not part of the NEC’s enforceable requirements but are included for informational purposes only.

Receptacles at Patient Beds

Advances in medical technology have resulted in more medical appliances and equipment being used in general-care and critical-care patient bed locations. The governing body of the healthcare facility typically determines the level of care in a given area.

Labeling, Multiwire Branch-Circuit Dangers And More

Jim Dollard has an extensive background in codes and standards. If you have a query about the National Electrical Code (NEC), Jim will help you solve it. Questions can be sent to Answers are based on the 2014 NEC.
 Required labeling

Littelfuse Shock-Block Class C and D GFCI
Special-Purpose GFCIs

I recently taught a 2014 National Electrical Code (NEC) class at an industrial facility in Fort Wayne, Ind., where an attendee asked about special-purpose ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) with trip levels above the normal 4­–6 milliampere (mA) trip threshold level.

General Installation Requirements

There have been countless changes, both in the electrical industry and in the National Electrical Code (NEC), since the first edition in 1897. While a lot has changed, the reason and purpose of the Code have remained constant.