Codes & Standards


Essential to the work of the electrical contractor is knowledge of the National Electrical Code, the National Electrical Installation Standards and additional standards and codes administered by the National Fire Protection Association, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and others. Here is a list of all our articles on codes and standards listed chronologically by issue date. 

Jim Dollard has an extensive background in codes and standards. If you have a query about the National Electrical Code (NEC), Jim will help you solve it. Questions can be sent to Answers are based on the 2014 NEC.
 Small generators can’t handle the load

I recently was asked to review a series of emails from a colleague about equipment requirements for ready access or, as defined in Article 100 and used within text in the National Electrical Code (NEC), as “readily accessible.” This phrase is used to describe the location of circuit breakers, for ex

What does the National Electrical Code (NEC) require when installing isolated/insulated grounding-type receptacles and auxiliary grounding electrodes?

Most of Article 240 in the National Electrical Code (NEC) provides general requirements for overcurrent protection and overcurrent protective devices not more than 1,000 volts (V), nominal. As a general rule, the overcurrent device rating shall not exceed the ampacity of a conductor.

More on Codes & Standards

What's On The Inside Counts

Article 424 in the National Electrical Code (NEC) addresses fixed electric space heating equipment, stating, “for the purpose of the article, heating equipment shall include heating cable, unit heaters, boilers, central systems, or other approved fixed electric space-heating equipment.” Since the sc

What Is A 'Ufer' Ground?

At a recent seminar, one of the attendees asked, “What is a ‘Ufer’ ground?” This is a common question. A “Ufer” ground is slang for what the National Electrical Code (NEC) addresses as a concrete-encased grounding electrode.

Tapping In: Understanding Feeder Taps, Transformer Secondary Rules

Over the years, there always seemed to be a lack of understanding of the requirements for feeder taps as well as transformer primary and secondary overcurrent protection.

What Constitutes Grouping?

A long-standing requirement in the National Electrical Code (NEC) is to provide a service disconnecting means for each building or structure served by electricity.

Letter Codes, Feeder Conductor Size And More

If you have a problem related to the National Electrical Code (NEC), are experiencing difficulty in understanding a Code requirement, or are wondering why or if such a requirement exists, ask Charlie, and he will let the Code decide. Questions can be sent to

Sizing Conductors, Part XXII

While selecting the correct size conductor is not difficult, more is involved than selecting a conductor based solely on the ampacity shown in Table 310.15(B)(16) in the National Electrical Code (NEC).

No Such Thing as A Silly Question?

A contractor installed a new fire alarm system in a college dormitory and asked the owner, “How thoroughly do you want me to test the fire alarm system?” I was there to witness the system’s pre-acceptance test before we called the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) to arrange for the final acceptan